Site Safety Surveillance
1. STOP, LOOK AT HOW JOBS ARE PERFORMED
2. DECIDE WHAT TO DO WHEN YOU SEE AN UNSAFE ACT OR AT RISK BEHAVIOUR
3. STOP THE OPERATION AND WAIT
4. OBSERVE THE WORKING PROCEDURE OF THE PERSON
5. ACT PROMPTLY SO AS TO CORRECT IT’S UNSAFETY
6. REPORT FOR RECORDS PURPOSE.
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING FOR WORKERS ON SITE
1. Brief them about the general idea and essence of safety
- At Work
- At Home
- On the Stree
- And to friends at work
2. Work safe without horseplay.
3. Practice good house keeping.
4. Follow strict safe work procedure either, mason, carpenter, electrician etc.
5. Provide and use provided PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) e.g.
(a)Basic hard hat, safety shoe, safety goggles.
(b)Additional PPE as specified for the job.
Everybody must be inducted to develop an attitude of good maintenance culture at all times, (basic tools, working materials, hand gloves) etc.
1. Have (good) idea about safety
2. Attend safety seminars/testimonial
3. At least have good academic background
1. What is an Occupational Accident?
2. What is the purpose of the occupational accident report?
3. Which accidents should be reported?
4. Who writes the accident report?
5. How to write an accident report?
6. Who receives copies of the accident report?
WHAT IS AN OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENT?
The occupational accident is legally characterized by the violent and sudden action of an outside cause that results in injury to the human body in the course of work. It is not a fatality, but reveals an insufficiency in our risk control organization.
This insufficiency is generally the consequence of several causes that must be investigated and identified.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENT REPORT?
The purpose of the occupational accident report and subsequent analysis is to determine the causes of specific accidents, which are classified in two categories.
Direct causes (obvious causes that become evident during the investigation).
Indirect causes (that require thought and only emerge when the report is analyzed, i.e. when one seeks the reason for each event in what becomes a chain of events).
If the causes detected are the right ones, the corrective measures that are implemented will be effective.
N.B: Correcting indirect causes is very often something that extends beyond the scope of the work site itself, which is why this information must be channeled upward to a level where action can be taken.
WHICH ACCIDENTS SHOULD BE REPORTED?
All accident should be reported and analyzed, whether they have led to human injury or physical damage or not, and whether human injury has led to sick leave or not. “Near misses”, hazardous situations, and dangerous act deserve special attention at site meetings to think about causes, about “the reasons why”, because these represent insufficiency in our risk control organization or our work methods.
WHO WRITES THE ACCIDENT REPORT?
The unit manager or project manager is the person who is the most closely concerned by the need to find a satisfactory solution to the problem presented by accident, incident, near miss etc. as a result, he must ask the superior directly in charge of the victim or of the work station involve to write an accident report immediately.
To write this kind of report, one generally needs the cooperation of the victim, witness, works manager, foreman, the doctor, safety officer, and in some cases the members of the HSC (Health and Safety Committee).
The accident report and ensuing analysis are then sent up the line of hierarchy for comment.
After the project manager or unit manager notes his observations and signs his reports, a copy is sent to the central health and safety department where it is recorded, studied (to see if there are any lessons to be learned from a more general perspective), then filed.
HOW TO WRITE AN ACCIDENT REPORT?
There are a number of ways of looking into an accident, ranging from a simple comparism between an employee and his departmental superior, to a full investigation by a specialized team that takes down all the facts establishing a “cause tree”, analyzed the progression of events, and draws up a list of corrective measures.
Each accident is to be reported in an appropriate manner, depending on frequency, the risk being run, the employee concerned etc. we have enclosed a sample form with this procedure, but a report may also be writing out on loose leaf paper as long as it answers all the questions that have to be asked.
An internal agreement requires a written report for all accident involving sick leave, the same procedure is recommended for accidents that causes less serious injury, but are significant.
Once the causes have been identified, it would be unacceptable not to seek and implement one or more corrective solution to the existing problem. There would be some doubt as to the technical skill and personal commitment shown by the person involved if another accident of the same nature happened again with serious consequences (dramatic consequence in human terms, productivity loss, deterioration of company image etc.)
WHO RECEIVES COPIES OF THE ACCIDENT REPORT?
The victim’s immediate superior
Safety representative or officer at the site, yard
Manager of the site, yard
The central health and safety department
HOW TO WRITE AN ACCIDENT REPORT?
COLLECT AS MUCH INFORMATION AS POSSIBLE ON
A THE VICTIM
Last name, first name, identification number
Date of birth, age
Function at the time of the accident
Date of arrival at the work site, yard
B UNJURIES SUFFERED
Evacuation YES or NO, place
C THE ACCIDENT
Work station shift
Place of work
Type of work being done.
Report of the fact (with drawing, if possible).
D THE PRESUMED CAUSES
Names of witnesses.
E MEASURES TAKEN TO PREVENT THIS TYPE OF ACCIDENT FROM HAPPENING AGAIN
In the immediate future
Within 1 month (proposal)
At a later time (proposal)
Superior directly in charge of the victim or the workstation concerned.
Name + signature
G MANAGER OF THE YARD OR THE WORK SITE
Name + signature
H DOCTOR AT THE YARD OR THE WORK SITE
Name + signature
I SAFETY DEPARTMENT OF THE YARD OR THE WORK SITE
Name + signature
N.B: The central health and safety department provides sample forms upon request.
J INCIDENT / ACCIDENT REPORTING / INVESTIGATION
All incidents, accident near misses regardless of severity shall be reported to the HSES function and investigated. The essence of the reporting / investigation is not to assign blame or punish but to identity and correct causes, identity weakness in the system and to prevent future occurrence.
Once an accident or incidents occur on site, witnesses shall first contact the direct superior or HSES responsible on site. The line manager shall thereafter be immediately be informed.
HSES responsible on site shall fill the necessary accident / incident notification investigation form shown below and forward same to line manager (or client rep.) if required.
All accident reportable by law to appropriate government agencies shall be reported to the relevant government agencies and evidence of such report forwarded to client within three (3) working days after the incident.
Accident investigation report shall highlight the following:
Date, time, location of accident.
Details of victims particulars.
Summary of accident / incident.
Events leading to the incident.
Description of accident / incident.
Post accident / incident events.
Conclusion recommendations and attachments.
An accident investigation team membership shall include site management site HSES representative, front line supervisor of the unit concerned in the accident, client representative (if available).
Note that the incident investigation team leadership is a function of the severity or potential matrix of the incident (see next page).
Incident reporting procedure shall not only apply to injuries but also:
Health incident (disease, infestations contamination etc.)
Environmental accidental accidents (spillage, releases, contamination etc.)
Other safety accident (safety equipment, furniture, loss of capital equipment, material loss).
Note that it is absolutely important that a follow-up of all recommendations and findings of incidents/accident investigation is very important tool in accident prevention and shall therefore be strictly complied with.
HEALTH & SAFETY AT WORK ACT POLICY STATEMENT
CASHES POLICY & IMPLEMENTATION
MUKLAR LIMITED shall plan and execute its civil, Mechanical, Electrical and General Construction services in such a manner that will:
1. Protect our environment of operation form pollution
2. Safe-guard life and avoid damage to the company’s properties
3. Avoid accident and presume the health and safety of all our employees, clients, staff, our sub-contractors and
members of the public
4. Ensure a purposeful, peaceful and good work relationship with the host community of our area of operation.
(M A N A G I N G D I R E C T O R)
IMPLEMENTATION OF OUR HSES POLICY
The personal safety and health of each employee is of vital importance and therefore cannot be compromised. Adequately believes that the protection of our area of operation can not be undermined. It is also our sincere believe that accident are preventable and that no standard of quality is to as far as CASHES is concerned. Therefore staff and employee contribute to make our.
CASHES POLICY A DEFINIT REALITY
To achieve the above the under listed will be implements:
1. Cashes management team shall be in existence, managers and
supervisor will be accountable for any CASHES matters.
2. Necessary and adequate PPE and site grounds will be provided.
3. All activities identified to be unhealthy, unsafe and destructive to the
environment shall be suspended until solutions are found.
4. Accidents are injuries are unacceptable, and shall be penalized
5. Staff and new employees shall be trained, exposing job hazards and
that of the environment or community where we work.
6. Cashier producers will be developed and enforced. Site plan, work
programs and emergency procedure shall be carefully followed.
7. All accidents and near misses shall be reported, investigated and
recommendations following up to avoid re occurrence.
8. Excellence in CASHES undertaking will be commended.
9. Relationship with our community shall be work related and peaceful
This is every body responsibility.
EXECUTION OF HSE POLICY
The safety and health of each personnel is an important issue and hence is being viewed with every seriousness.
The above target is achieved by implementing the following strategies:
1. All required PPE must be worn on work site.
2. Carelessness is unacceptable and adequate laws are provided
guarding each activity.
3. Emergency procedures has being drown out.
4. All cases of accident must be reported immediately and adequate
5. Relationship with host community shall be worked out and implemented
Safety rules are rules of life therefore they should be strictly adhered to. Every employee’s hand should be on desk to make our cash target and objectives a definite reality.
The company shall relate very well with the host community of our area of operation as to promote a purposeful and peaceful work atmosphere. To achieve the said goals, we shall embark on the following:
Local labour from the host community shall be employed for our project.
Homage and ex-grate fees shall be adequate paid to the host community.
Donation shall be made to support the community development project when necessary.
The company shall Lesotho our client’s community liaison officer in handling of all community problems that may arise in the course of work execution.
No state is allowed to fight any member of the host community no matter the reason.
The HSE programmed of the company is designed to:
Sustain management visible commitment to safety.
Inculcate safety consciousness in all our employees.
Provide healthy and safe working environment for all employees and contractor.
Ensure that plants, equipment and small tools are safe to work with.
Create forums for exchange of views on safety problems and experience.
Establish measure for effective implementation of the company HSE policy.
Assure the employees of the safety at work.
Management commitment to HSE:
Because the company accepts responsibility for the supply of every employee in the event.
Accident, it is absolutely committed to ensuring that operations are out with due regard to safety.
In line with this and incorporated in the company organization there is a provision for safety line.
Management with a full time safety supervisor reports to the managing director.
The overall and final responsibility for HSE in the implementation of this policy at the company.
Premise and at work sites, each work site shall have a resident safety officer who in turn reports to the safety supervisor. In order to ensure that this policy transcend all segment of the company operation safety warden shall be trained to assist the site safety officer in carrying out their responsibilities. The organ gram illustrating this relationship is shown below.
The individual assumption of responsibility for HSE is of vital importance to our administration.
And this is frequently emphasized to all employees throughout the duration of any project.
A competent safety officer, certified by our client is resident on site throughout the duration.
He is responsible for advising the site employees on HSE policies rules.
And regulations to ensure their implementation.
He is responsible for applying work safety rules as advised by the safety office.
Foreman / Headman:
For the day-to-day activities in the workshop or job site, the foreman or headman shall ensure that:
Employees are briefed on the nature of work and associated hazards and means of preventing them.
He shall also ensure that the right tools are used for the work and instruct new employees on HSE rules and regulations.
The following safety meetings are to be convened at regular intervals:-
- General safety meeting
- Management safety meeting
- Pre-mob meeting
- Site safety meeting
- Group discussion / PEP talk.
General Safety Meeting:
This is concerned once in a month which all the company key personnel in attendance: Managing Director, Safety Supervisor, Engineer, Safety Officers and the entire workforce during this meeting, all HSE, program for the month are reviewed and new strategy/recommendation proffered.
Management Safety Meeting:
For the supervisor chairs these policies are formulated and reviewed for the safety department to implement. The meeting holds for nightly however it could be convened during emergency to monitor development. In attendance at this meeting are Site Supervisors, Engineers and Safety Officers.
The meeting is held every week on site with the site safety officer presiding in attendance are all personnel on site during this meeting the following are considered:
- Review of previous meeting
- Review of hazards sporting during the week
- Improvement on accident prevention method
- Equipment performance record
- Analysis of work planned for the coming week and appropriate
safety method to prevent accident that night result.
Group Discussions and Pep Talk:
These are held every morning in small work unit before the commencement of the days activities. During this brief meeting work method and approach are explained. The site safety officer normally goes to deliver this PEP TALK. In his absence the foreman or headman takes charge.
The safety supervisor shall on regular interval undertake inspection of site and his findings communicated to the management for implementation. The safety supervisor should normally inspect the site for compliance with HSE regulations as laid down for the job. He is empowered to stop any work at site in which unsafe practice is identified or sent out of site a habitual hazardous worker.
Safety Communication and Information Management:
Inspite of the fact that all effort are geared towards preventing an unwanted event, accident may still happen. All accident whether resulting a facilities or must not be investigated or determined causes and recommendation made to prevent future assurance. Hence every employee has a duty report every case of accident to the safety officer who shall investigate and report every case of investigation panel shall be composed of the safety supervisor (Chairman), Site Safety Officer, Foreman and one safety warden.
Accident investigation should be seen as a fact-finding mission and not a fault–finding exercise. Provide a standard format for accident reporting and investigation.
First Aid Facilities:
All jobs in site must be equipped with a standard first aid box. This shall be manned by a qualified first aid. Drug replenishment shall be through the company nurse for first aid box content and prescription.
Fire Protection Equipment:
Adequate fire extinguisher is provided at all job at site. Regular checks are carried out to make sure they are in good order and serviceable used, or, expired extinguishers are replaced immediately from existing stock. All vehicle, and floating crafts shall be equipped with portable extinguishers.
Good House keeping:
Orderliness at the work place promotes accident fire operation it is therefore expected of all personal to keep the offices, workshop and work sites of the company clean and tidy. All working materials and waste shall be handled in such way as not to constitute a potential hazard both workers and the environment.
Prior to the engagement of a sub-contractor (where the need arise). The safety supervisor shall inspect the facilities of the sub-contractor to ensure compliance to the company minimum requirements and that of our client. All defect anomalies shall be recommended for rectification before engagement.
HES Courses or Training:
All personnel of the company will be given the opportunity to attend HSE courses training as appropriate to their position and job. These include first aid course safety audit and management course accident prevention course fire fighting and use of breathing apparatus training etc.
Consequently every person is expected not only to prevent but also fight fire; it is important for every person to:
Know where the nearest extinguisher is installed and know how to operate and use it.
Do not obstruct emergency exit.
Dispose of all combustible wastes, rags, papers and other rubbish in proper containers.
Do not overload electrical sockets.
Get familiar with the companies emergency procedures.
Ensure that there is no naked fire is in areas susceptible to fire outbreak.
Obey ‘no smoking’ sign, smoke only in designated places and use ashtray.
Safety Rules and Regulations:
Safety rules are made to protect every employee and other persons against injuries to health, damage to equipment and the preservation of the environment.
It is of paramount importance that every employee to take reasonable cares for his own safety and that of other persons that may be affected by his conduct.
Promptly report to the supervisor when once physical condition is unsatisfactory.
Use the right tool and equipment for the job. Do not improvise.
Wear all prescribed person protective equipment necessary for the job.
On the appropriate waste disposal system in use in order not to constitute hazard to other employees or the environment.
No attempt should be made to carry out hot work or any work of a dangerous nature or operate equipment without training or permit.
Do not work alone in hazardous area.
While working on height use safety belt and scaffolding, ladder as applicable.
Do not smoke or uses open fire except in designate area.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):
It is the policy of the company that no employee will be denied the means to work in safe conditions and environment. In pursuance of the above objectives, every employee is provided with necessary PPE. The following is a list PPE and safety materials provided to enable workers carry out their job safely.
Personal Protective Equipment:
Safety shoes (or boots) raincoats, helmets, hand gloves as applicable and life vest.
Fire extinguisher, life buoys and warning sign.
The person to whom the permit is issued should be competent and keeps the permit in his possession at all times while the job last.
ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENT WORKS
Electricity can present two serious hazards:
An ignition source in gaseous area if explosion proof or vapour proof electrical equipment is not properly maintained.
Electrical shocks if electrical equipment or installations are not properly earthen and maintained.
In view of the foregoing, all electrical and instrument works shall be carried out by qualified and competent personnel. In addition they must be conversant with the operation maintenance and repair of electrical equipment and system before they are allowed to work on them.
Ignorance of the rules will not be accepted as an excuse for neglect of duty and lead to disciplinary action. All potential or existing electrically dangerous situations or conditions and any case of electrical equipment suspected of been in an unsafe condition must be reported immediately to higher authority.
Safety Rules for Work on Electrical Apparatus:
No personnel shall be allowed to work on any high voltage and low voltage equipment or system unless such part are:
Dead (at zero potential or disconnected from live system).
Isolated and locked off from live conductor.
Screened (as applicable) to prevent damages and caution and danger notice fixed.
Released for work by the issue of a permit to work on electrical equipment.
Permit to Work on Electrical Equipment:
The permit to work on electrical equipment should be signed by an authorized person and it must be handed over directly to the supervisor or any other who is to carried out the work. Before the permit is issued, the equipment should have isolated from live line and all other necessary requirement met.
The permit is issued to the person in charge to the work who after reading it’s content to the authorizing person signs.
This intended to be used as a warning against interference with electrical equipment. It should be signed and canceled by the authorized persons under whose supervision the relevant work is carried out.
This section deals with the special hazards associated with mechanical operations. A hot work permit will be obtained from the client where this is deemed necessary.
All plant equipment shall be positioned is such a way that it’s operations does not interfere with other machines or constitute a potential hazard to personnel.
Power tools like grinding machines, drilling machines etc. shall be operated only with appropriate protective equipment.
All plants will inspect by the plant supervisor on regular basis to ensure compliance with standard safety rules and regulations.
All plant must carry appropriate warning stickers and portable fire extinguishers provided at all times.
Plant and equipment shall be kept clean at all times.
The prefab yard shall be kept tidy at all time.
Every other safe work procedure applicable to mechanical operation shall be observed.
The welding machine shall be in good order.
No work shall be carried out near inflammable materials.
The welder shall wear appropriate protective equipment.
The required safety checks for hot work must be concluded and permit to work obtained ( if applicable before work starts.)
Burning and Cutting:
Oxygen and acetylene bottles shall be stored out of directed sunshine in a locked store.
All bottles shall be provided with caps and must be covered at all times.
All empty bottles shall be marked clearly with the word “EMPTY” and stored separately.
Caution sign shall be displayed conspicuously at the store.
When in uses the burner shall wear appropriate PPE.
Non-destructive testing shall be done by specialist subcontractor approved by our client.
During x-ray testing an area around the test shall be provided with warning sign and properly sealed to prevent people from walking into the area.
Radiation monitors shall be used at all times.
Pressure testing shall be carried according to the client specification.
Skilled personnel shall be used for the work.
Excavations must have slopes not sleeper than 1:2 to prevent sliding of the slopes.
Trench excavation must be adequately timbered and braced if slopes are steeper than1:1:25.
Deep excavation (below ground water) must be provided with watering system.
All excavation must be covered by permit to work.
Bush clearing shall be done by the use of small tools.
All employees are required to use suitable PPE.
Bush clearing and ditching shall not be done at night.
There shall be a stand by speedboat vehicle (as applicable near the bush clearing location).
The safety procedure for excavation works shall apply in ditching for pipeline.
Working on Height:
Personnel are further expose to additional hazards when working on high surface. In order to remove hazards associated with kind of work, all personnel concerned must be conversant with the use and erection.
Scaffold and ladder.
Safety belt or body harness.
Hence it is the duty of every personnel that might work on surface well above the ground to use scaffold or ladder (as applicable) and wear safety belt or body harness and other PPE suitable for the work.
Operational Safe Work Procedure or Practice:
This section deals with specific operations safe procedures involved in every intern in the different activities.
To handle a material in a safe manner manually the following safe procedures shall be observed.
Size the load and ensure that you can lift it.
If the load is too heavy call for assistance.
Consequently every person is expected not only to prevent but also fight fires it is important for every person to:
To know where the nearest extinguisher is installed and to know how to operate and use it.
Do not obstruct emergency exit.
Dispose of all combustible waste, rages papers and other rubbish in proper containers.
Do not over load electrical sockets.
Get familiar with the companies emergency procedures.
Ensure that there is no naked fire in areas susceptible to fire out break obey “NO SMOKING” signs smoke only in designated places and use an ashtray.
Fire Emergency Procedure:
In case of fire outbreak, the company’s emergency procedure shall be followed:
First ensure your safety, sound alarm or raise alarm and do not panic.
Find emergency exit or fire escape and make sure it is free.
Then use the fire extinguishers especially at the early stage.
Direct the nozzle of the extinguisher at the base of the fire.
Stay low and avoid breathing the heat, smoke and vapour of fumes as much as possible.
If the fire gets too big, evacuate other combustibles get out, closing the door behind you.
Phone nearest fire brigade.
Contingency Plan For Action During Emergency Situations:
Efforts are not spared at preventing accidents. However if and when an accident occurs, first aid and medical evacuation procedure are followed. But accidents occur in varying form and are of varying magnitude. Some could even result in sudden change in the condition of either the human or material resources of an organization apart from disrupting normal operation could result in more damage to human and material resources of the organization. This could be identified as a crises or an emergency situation.
In order to avoid more damage resulting from confusion and stampede to prevent the crisis situation escalating. It is wise to identify specific emergencies or crises situations for which specific plant and action could be drawn. All such plans must be practicable within the limits of human and material resources and must aim at.
Minimizing pain and suffering.
Minimizing disruption to normal operation.
Restore normal operation.
Also the emergency plans and directed towards realizing maximum assistance at the shortest time possible and ensure that all services likely to be involved or affected are informed within the shortest time possible, as orderly and effective response to the measure in place is of vital importance for achieving desired result.
Rescue Team or Command Structure:
The rescue team in emergency shall include the following:
The site supervisor.
The site safety officer.
The driver or quartermaster.
The security guard.
Other member of the rescue team shall include safety warden and security guards and as shall be requested and directed by the site supervisor.
Specific Crisis Situation Emergency:
In our operations the following emergency situation envisage:
Fire out break.
Severe injury resulting from lifting operations or falling from height.
In case of fire out break the company’s procedure as specified in section (fire emergency) of this policy shall be followed.
Any employee observed drowning the following procedure shall apply.
Raise alarm by shouting man-over board.
Launch a life buoy while holding firmly to the security line and send for first aides or nurse.
With assistance from other personnel carry the victim ashore.
The nurse together with our trained first aides, then administer first aid.
Arrange transport and send victim to the hospital for further medical attention.
In the event of an electric, shock, follow the procedure outline below:
Isolate the source of the shock or break contact by switching off current removing the plug or wrenching the cable free. If it is not possible stand on a dry insulating material such as a newspaper or rubber mat and push or pull the casualty clear of the contact using a brush or stool. Do not touch the casualty with the bare hands but if nothing else available then grip any loose clothing (not under the arms) and pull the casualty away from the source.
Check signs of breathing.
If casualty is breathing place him or her in a recovery position and call medical aid.
If not breathing get someone to call medical aid while you begin mouth-to-mouth ventilation.
If after four ventilation the casualty does not respond start external chest compression.
Severe Injury Resulting From Operational:
In case of any severe injury or injuries as to operational activities.
Victim should immediately be sent via fastest means of transport to the nearest clinic or hospital.
Medical Evacuation Procedure:
The following procedure shall apply in the event of an accident requiring evacuation of victim.
From site accessible through water transport.
The victim must be properly and adequate bandaged by the first aides or nurse.
Movement of the victim shall be means of a stretcher.
The victim must be accompanied by trained first aides or nurse.
The transport officer must be contacted immediately the victim leaves the site to arrange for an ambulance ready to convents the victim to the clinic.
From site accessible by land transport.
The supervisor shall immediately send for an ambulance.
While waiting for the ambulance first aid shall be administered.
Movement of the victim shall be by means of stretcher only.
The victim must be accompanied in the ambulance by a trained first aides or a nurse.
The doctor takes charge at the clinic.
From site accessible by land transport.
The supervisor shall immediately send for an ambulance.
While waiting for the ambulance first aid shall be administered.
Movement of the victim shall be by means of stretcher only.
The victim must be accompanied in the ambulance by a trained first aides or a nurse.
The doctor takes charge at the clinic.
A. QUALITY ASSURANCE
B. QUALITY MANUAL
C. WASTE MANAGEMENT
D. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
QUALITY ASSURANCE POLICY
MUKLAR LIMITED acknowledges the need to maintain a good quality standard in other to offer good quality services to her client in all of its operations. The following strategies are adapted in implementing quality management.
1. MANAGEMENT & RESPONSIBILITY (QUALITY ASSURANCE)
A MANAGING DIRECTOR / GENERAL MANAGER
Strong commitment to quality management by issuing and reviewing quality assurance policy matters.
Quality management standards targets and approval to assume realization of company objectives.
Approval of work programs and budgets only where satisfied that due priority has been accorded quality management in over all management plans.
Hold project management teams responsible and accountable for the execution of quality management plans against set targets.
Endorsement of adequate and qualified human and material resources capable of scrutinizing the works to specified quality standard.
B MANAGEMENT TEAM LEADER
Selection of quality management focal points or quality control officers responsible for specific works.
Identification training in quality management and recommended for training eligible operations officer.
Ensure that quality management plan are implemented and continuously monitored throughout project execution period.
Show personal commitment to quality management through participation in frequent work site visits, meetings and sustenance standards for various work sites.
C FOCAL POINT FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Take responsibility for quality management at project sites.
To keep records on quality standard and requirement.
Consult and agree with project team leader on all quality standards, specified for the project.
Continues monitoring of work progress to ensure quality specifications and met.
Use of purpose made work implement to ensure quality job/service.
D OVERALL WORKFORCE
Inquire and obtain information on quality requirements at work site for specific job and the implications of poor quality work.
Develop and adopt good quality assurance work habits and practices for their respective work task.
Functionaries themselves with both company and project group quality management plans.
Be ready to undergo training in quality assurance work habit and practices for their respective work task.
E QUALITY CONTROL OFFICER
Shall have direct reporting relationship with the management team or any other team leader on quality.
Matters related to all company operations.
Discuss and lies with regulatory agencies consultants etc. on quality management.
Provide information on international, national and customers quality control standard requirement.
Monitor, audit, review and update quality management system.
Identify training needs on quality control management disciplinary.
2. NECESSITIES FOR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
To ensure finished jobs meet international, national and client specified standard.
To continuously review existing standard.
To ensure project optimism.
To render high quality service to our clients.
3. QUALITY ASSURANCE POLICY ACHIEVEMENT
Promote quality management in all aspect of operation.
Plan and execute work standards specified.
Ensure through know how and understanding of specified standards for the work.
Development of quality management system on all sites.
Engagement of human and material resources that would ensure high quality finish.
4. QUALITY MANAGEMENT INFORMATION DATA BASE
Identification and collection of quality standards, information and data relevant to the needs of all aspects of an operation.
Evaluation and classification of quality standard for different aspects of works or services render.
Classification of quality standards shall be according to regulatory standards.
To continuously review existing standards.
Civil Engineering works and services.
Mechanical Engineering works and services.
Electrical Engineering works and services.
General Construction services.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION /WASTE MANAGEMENT MANUAL
MUKLAR LIMITED ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION & WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY
The Company’s operation shall be planned and executed with due regards to the conservation of the environment where our activities are executed.
In recognition to this, site assessment shall be carried out by the company prior to mobilization to ascertain the state of the environment in order to assess impact during and after operations. The environment shall be reinstated as much as it is feasible in its original state.
Waste streams shall be identified, inventoried and disposed with regard to legislation and regulations governing the handling of different waste the company operations shall generate. The company shall therefore liaise with relevant federal agency like FEPA on all matters of environmental protection and waste management.
Waste management like safety shall be everybody’s responsibility for which every employee shall play a prominent role towards the over all attainment of this policy objectives.
1. WASTE MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION
A. MANAGEMENT (MD, GM, MANAGERS)
Show commitment to waste management by issuing and reviewing environmental policy issues.
Waste management target setting and approval to enhance company plans for their realization.
Endorsement of project plans, programmes and budgets only when satisfied that consideration for waste management has been taken into account in the overall profitability of the project.
Hold individual project management group responsible and accountable for the implementation of waste management plans against targets.
B PROJECT MANAGEMENT GROUP LEADERS
Appoint waste management local point responsible for specific project site.
Ensure that waste management plans are enforced and constantly monitored.
Show personal commitment to waste management through involvement in frequent site visits, meting and maintenance of agreed standards.
C WASTE MANAGEMENT FOCAL POINT (PROJECT HSES OFFICER OR PROJECT SUPERVISOR)
Take responsibility for waste management at project site.
Keep records of waste produced and monitor.
Liaise and agree with project group leader on procedures for waste invent and monitoring.
Ensure all personnel handling waste are aware of the associated hazards and are competent to act in the event of an emergency.
Ensure that appropriate personal protective equipment are provide and worn when dealing with hazardous waste.
D GENERAL WORKFORCE
Familiarize themselves with both company and project group waste management plans.
Seek and obtain knowledge of waste produced at site hazards associated with them, handling and disposal methods.
Alert supervisor of anomalies in the quantity of waste produced.
Develop and adopt sound waste management practices.
E HSES OFFICER FUNCTION (FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT)
In co-operation with the project groups develop waste management plants for specific projects and for all company projects.
Provide technical information on methods of waste inventorization, characteristics and disposal options.
Discuss and liaise with government agencies, consultants, etc on waste management.
Provide information on statutory and company waste management requirements.
Monitor audit and review waste management systems.
Collate waste inventory for company use.
Analysis of waste management records.
2 STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY
The following strategies shall be pursed to curtail greaten of excessive waste.
Elimination of waste at source.
Progressively reduce existing waste, which have negative impact/effect on the operating environment.
Use products and services that will not damage the environment or human health.
Promote environmental improvement in the efficiency of the use of natural resources and energy.
3 DEFINITION OF WASTE
Any unavoidable material resulting from industrial operation for which there is no economic demand and which must be disposed of:
A TYPES OF WASTE
B CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE STREAMS
Property of waste Reasons to know
Physical state Handling & transportation
4 SCOPE OF WASTE MANAGEMENT
The following shall cover the scope of waste management:
Elimination, minimization, reduction and scale of waste.
Identification and segregation of waste.
Collection and storage of waste.
Treatment and disposal of waste.
Maintaining records of quantities, composition, destination and proof of disposal.
Frequency and monitoring and audits.
5. REASONS FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT
The following reasons are essentials of carrying out waste management:
In order to conserve valuable resources.
Ensure waste discharges do not have deleterious effects on human, animals and vegetable.
6 WASTE REDUCTION, SOURCE REDUCTION / ELIMINATION
Ensure project optimization
Check periodically, the quantity of waste geared against targets.
Promote good housekeeping and segregation of waste steams.
Promote regular inspection and maintenance of plant, equipment and tools to limit mechanical practices which are source of incidental generation of waste.
7. WASTE INVENTORIZATION
Waste inventorization shall form an essential part of waste management towards the realization of the overall objective of waste management policy.
To classify waste according to their characteristics (hazardous or non-hazardous).
To protect the health and safety of people handling the waste from source of generation to final disposal.
To select the best method of treatment and subsequent disposal.
To classify waste according to regulating standards.
8 METHODS OF WASTE INVENTORIZATION
Quantity of waste generated or like to be generated can be estimated thus:-
Direct measurement by using weighing balance of weighs bridge foe solid waste or flow meters for liquid/air pollution or waste.
Influences by estimating the quantity of sewage likely to be generated by the number of personnel on site or related to the project.
Extrapolation based on various parameters for example, activity level at the period of investigation.
9 WASTE RECORDING
For records keeping of waste generated during a project live, the following parameter shall be used with clarity.
Weight/volume with names of major components.
Types of waste steam.
Deviation from set targets at project kick off.
Exact location against each type of waste.
Documentation to prove arrival and deposit of waste.
10 WASTE DISPOSAL METHODS
The company shall adopts any combination of the following disposal methods depending hover on regulation or clients requirements for the type of waste under consideration:-
Deep well injection
HANDLING HAZARDOUS SPILLS
Many materials you work with are hazardous. They can be dangerous and even deadly. That’s why all spills-no matter how small-have to be taken seriously. Should you ever be in a situation where a spill of hazardous liquid occurs. You need to be able to act quickly, safely and effectively. This means being prepared with a well planned emergency procedure before a spill happens.
Throughout this presentation, we discuss the three key areas you should consider when developing an emergency plan for hazardous spill control.
After the spill
Access to and correct deployment of spill response equipment is vital to the success of any safety programme. The approved Codes of Practice for COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health) paragraph 35 state: “If in spite of control measures, leaks, spills or other uncontrolled releases of hazardous substances still occur”, means should be available for limiting the extent of risks to health and for regaining adequate control as soon as possible.
These should include: “Established emergency procedures, safe disposal of the substances and sufficient suitable personal protective equipment”.
What is a Hazardous Material?
A material that may endanger your life or health, the life or health of other, cause damage to your facility or the environment eg. CI2, CH4, acids, and other chemicals and gases that you work with. In addition, hazardous materials include everyday items like pesticides, cleaners, petrol and paint thinner.
To handle hazardous material spill, your company may have put together a “spill team”. But they may not be around when a spill occurs, you need to know how to react. By acting quickly, you can protect yourself and others. And you can stop a spill from getting out of hand.
To properly prepare for a hazardous spill, you should have an emergency plan, which provides, training, protective gear, clean-up equipment, clean-up supplies and first-aid supplies.
An emergency plan allows you to react quickly when an accident occurs. The plan should clearly explain what you should do or not do in the event of a hazardous spill. It should include phone numbers to call for help.
Have the appropriate gear such as – chemical coveralls, gloves and boots, encapsulating suits, face shields, hard hats and respirators; Learn how to properly use the equipment. And know what the equipment can and can’t protect you from remember. If you don’t know what to wear, always choose the highest level of protection.
Some coveralls don’t protect against strong corrosives. So in a large corrosive spill you should wear an encapsulating suit, it’s the highest level of protection.
Know how to put it on and check it, so that wearing it is second nature when there is an emergency. If you don’t know what hazardous material you are dealing with, you should use a self-breathe.
When dealing with hazardous liquids, always wear a face shield with eye wear appropriate to hazardous ratings.
In an emergency, you must have the right equipment to handle a hazardous spill. These includes spark-proof tools, such as shovels and brooms, fire extinguishers, drain covers and patches, clean-up supplies. You need to have the right clean-up supplies and know how to use them in order to handle a hazardous spill. The type of supplies will depend on the hazardous materials at your location. It is essential to have enough supplies to handle the biggest spill possible. And have enough supplies to handle many different types of hazardous spill.
When a hazardous material spill happens, you may be in between life and death. You and your colleagues need to know where to find first-aid supplies and how to use them properly.
If you are the person who discovered the hazardous chemical spill. You are in charge until help arrives. Don’t panic, the following steps will help you to cope in an organized safe way.
If you see or smell a hazard, move away to a safe distance, turning off any source of ignition if you can. This may be obvious, but it is surprising how many people stop to take a closer look. But without proper protection, they could easily be disabled or injured. Remember, any spill can be dangerous, so if you don’t know how to properly deal with them, stay away and wait for someone with more experience and training.
Identify the Spill:
Don’t go back to find out what you saw or smelled. Just think for a second what was it? Did you see a label on the container? Was it foaming or fuming? Was there a fire? What did smell like? What colour was it?
These are important questions. Without your information, someone could rush in with equipment to a fire when there is an acid spill. What you remember may safe lives.
Ideally you should not attempt to clear a spill alone. Call for assistance where there is one, a trained emergency team. Proper notification procedures should be established before a hazardous material spill occurs. When you call, briefly explain what happened, then let them ask questions. What chemical? Where? Approximately how much? Is anyone injured? Is there a fire? These are typical questions you will be asked.
Seal off the Area:
For maximum safety, keep other people away from the hazard. Without going back to the spill, seal off the area and warn your colleagues of the dangers.
Look for Injuries:
If you find someone injured, get him/her to fresh air as soon as safely possible, keeping them warm and quiet, seek medical help immediately. If the victim isn’t breathing, use artificial respiration or if breathing is difficult administer oxygen. Remove any contaminated clothing and shoes and if the hazardous material has come into contact with the skin, immediate flush the affected area with running water for at least 15 minutes. But remember, don’t become a casualty yourself if you are not completely protected don’t try to retrieve a person from the spill area.
Identify the Hazard:
You need to establish what chemicals are involved and what the potential dangers are. There are several ways of doing this:
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Every chemical that you work with requires an MSDS. It will detail the name of the chemical, its hazards and what to do in the case of an emergency.
Signs and Labels: Look for labels, shipping papers etc. which often explain the course of action to take, or identify the material as flammable, corrosive or poisonous.
Check the Material: If you have to go into the spill area to identify the hazard, assume the worst. Never go in without back up. Protect yourself by putting on a SCBA and fully encapsulated suit. Above all, be careful.
Prepare a plan of action. Determine the hazard(s) you are dealing with and develop a plan of action to help you anticipate problems and co-ordinate the clean up efficiently and safely.
Your plan of action may be as simple as waiting for help to arrive, or assisting an injured worker. But it may also planning how to safely shut off a valve, plug a leak, or contain the hazardous spill. Remember, if you are not trained or properly equipped get help.
Get Proper Equipment & Materials:
Whenever you don’t know what you are dealing with, wear the maximum protection possible i.e. an SCBA and full protective clothing, where it for gases, liquids, solids, everything. If you know the material and its properties, select relevant protection for handling the spill. Respirators, boots, gloves, safety glasses, goggles, face shields hard hats, aprons. Splash suits and fully encapsulated suits can be used. Be sure you have the right protection for the situation you are dealing with.
Contain the Spill:
Once you have the right protection, you need to minimize the danger of the spill spreading. The faster you contain the spill the less danger/damage there will be to yourself, other people, the facility and the environment. Containment really means:
Stopping the source: Stopping the source of the leak or spill may only require closing a valve or shutting down a pump to stop the flow. Or it may mean putting a suitable “bandage” on a leaking hose. Or applying putty or packing to a joint valve. Or plugging a leak with whatever is handy-rags, or even crude boiler patch. To minimize leakage in torn or punctured containers, you can orient the containers so the chemical doesn’t escape.
Stopping the Spared: The second part of containment is building a barrier so the spill or leak can’t spread. Or making a flow channel to control the spread. It’s important that the hazardous material does not reach a water source, where it could contaminate the supply or lakes and rivers. Dicing materials, such as clay granules or sorbet sheets, pillows or minions should be used to prevent the spill from spreading. You can plug a drain with specially made drain plugs or shop rags. To prevent gases, vapours and mists from spreading to the rest of the facility, shut down the ventilation or air conditioning system item, if appropriate.
As you are physically cleaning up the spill, use common sense don’t touch or taste the material. Don’t breathe gases, vapours or mists. Uses the right clothing and equipment. Always try to approach a spill from upwind and don’t smoke or make sparks of any kind. Be careful. Importantly, select the right clean up materials. Again, sorbets are things like clay granules, absorbent blankets, pillows and booms. All have different performance characteristics. It’s important to select the right sorbet products in advance for the liquid to be cleaned up. Absorb the spilled material with the appropriate sorbets and place the contaminated sorbets in a container that can safely hold and store the spilled material.
AFTER THE SPILL
The sorbets you used to control the spill must be properly packaged according to local and government regulations. Remember, that the absorbed materials have the same properties and hazards as the original spilled materials. They may be dangerous, so treat them with care. Safely dispose of all disposable coveralls, gloves and respirators. Decontaminate all non-disposable items, such as shovels, SCBA’s protective clothing and so on. Make sure that supplies are replaced immediately, so you are prepared if a hazardous spill happens again.
SAFE SYSTEM OF WORK
Approved hard-hats, safely glasses, gloves, boot will be worn by all employee’s while on site.
Safely harnesses with lanyards will be worn and used whenever work is performed above the ground or floor level in unprotected areas.
All employees will be required to wear approved clothing such as sleeved shirt, full-length trousers and serviceable work boots or shoes. Under shirt type “T” shirts tank tops, sport shoes, sandal or soft shoes are not permitted. Shirts must have sleeves.
Compressed gas or air will not be used to dust off hands, hair or clothing.
Hair that is longer than collar length must be tucked up under hard hats. If too long to fit under hardhat, employee must have a hair cut.
Air hose connectors are to have a safety wire or clamp attached while in use.
Gasoline shall not be used for cleaning purposes.
Employees shall not stand or work under suspended loads.
Hazardous areas, including those under suspended loads, shall be roped off and danger signs posted.
Smoking in undersigned area is strictly prohibited.
A standard railing and toe boards or covers shall guard floor openings.
Walk on the left side of the street facing oncoming traffic. Use designated pathways and roadways.
The maximum speed limit throughout the job site is 30 KMPH or as posted.
Do nor run on the job site.
Always keep compressed gas cylinders tired off in the upright vertical position during use, storage or transit. Protective caps must be installed on all gas cylinders not in use. Empty cylinders must be removed from construction areas and returned to appropriate storage rack.
Fighting and hors play is strictly prohibited.
Report unsafe equipment immediately to your supervisor. If there is a safety device not working or missing, it is your responsibility to report it.
Do not use defective tools or equipment. Remove them from service and report them to your supervisor immediately.
All employees entering or leaving the job site shall be subject to search by job security personnel, refusal to submit to this security check may be reason for termination.
Report all injury to first aid immediately, on matter how minor first aid will be available to employee for routine first aid cases. Injuries requiring medical treatment will be referred to a doctor.
Only authorized personnel may make adjustments to operating machinery.
Water cooler will be used for cooling and storage of drinking water only.
All state, MUKLAR LIMITED and customer safety requirements will be complied with at all times.
Only authorized personnel may operate vehicles and mobile equipment.
Personnel will not board or exit vehicles while vehicles are in motion. Employees may board or exit a vehicle only when the vehicle has come to complete stop.
No riders are allowed on any moving construction equipment, unless seats or carries are provided for that purposes.
The driver is responsible for the safety of all passengers and shall inspect the vehicle each day before use.
Seat belts shall be worn at all times when a vehicle is in motion.
No private cars will be allowed on the job site without the approval of the resident construction manages.
All personnel riding in the rear bed of a vehicle shall be seated with arms, feet and bodies inside the vehicle employees will not sit on pick-up bedsides or lean against the tailgate. Trucks will be overloaded.
Personnel shall not ride in the bed of any vehicle hauling equipment or materials unless authorized.
Personnel other than the operator of a crane will not be permitted to ride in the car whilst mobilizing a load or moving around congested areas.
Always look to the rear and sound the horn before backing.
In congested areas, a flagman is required to aid in backing vehicles or equipment.
Vehicles or equipment having an obstructed view to the rear shall have a backup alarm or flagman when backing.
Obey all speed limits and regulations and always give pedestrians the right of way.
When refueling a vehicle or mobile equipment, be sure to shut off the engine.
All vehicles carrying loads that extend three feet or more beyond vehicles are to have a red flag marking the end of the load.
All loads are to be secured properly when being transported by vehicles.